Kidney stones are deposits of salt and minerals that form in your kidneys. They are caused by many different factors. These stones can affect your urinary tract and bladder. The urine becomes very concentrated forming crystals. These stones cause pain but when they are passed do usually cause any serious damage.
The doctor may prescribe pain medication and suggest drinking plenty of water to pass small kidney stones. Other times surgery may be needed. Symptoms are severe pain in the side or back, pain when urinating, foul smelling urine, and fever and chills.
Causes of Kidney Stones and Underlying Diseases
Besides underlying diseases, kidney stones can be caused by a lack of drinking enough water. When a person becomes dehydrated, they may have urine that is dark and concentrated and crystals begin to form.
Eating certain foods with oxalates, like spinach, rhubarb, grits, and bran cereal will contribute to kidney stone formation. Calcium and oxyldate sometimes stick together to form stones in the kidney. The doctor may advise you to limit these foods. Salt is another product that contributes to kidney stones.
Too much animal protein can raise the uric acid in the body causing kidney stones. Consumers that are overweight or obese will get kidney stones twice as often. A study shows women may be more at risk for kidney stones than men. Often the normal balance of water and elimination is out of balance in an obese body. Factors that cause stones are ifood eaten, medications, not drinking enough water, and lack of exercise.
Sarcoidosis is a disease that causes the cells to grow inflammatory cells called granulomas. They produce excess vitamin D and causes the body to absorb excessive calcium. The calcium goes to your kidneys and helps to form kidney stones. Reducing the amount of foods with Vitamin D, your exposure to the sun, and calcium intake can help.
An overactive parathyroid gland can produce a hormone that cause the calcium level in the body to become too high. This causes kidney stones to form. Sometimes it caused by tumors or growths on the gland and surgery is recommended. Often the gland is treated to stop over producing the hormone.
Other Illnesses That Cause Kidney Disease
Chronic urinary tract infections cause bacteria in the urinary tract and this causes the PH in the urine to rise and become alkaline. The buildup of ammonia in the urine can lead kidney stones to form.
Type 2 Diabetes makes the urine more acidic and, this encourages kidney stones to form in the urine. When insulin is not controlled in the body properly it can cause problems in many parts of the body. Gout is another condition that causes uric acid to build up in the joints and kidneys forming crystals. These stone can become very large and painful.
Certain type of medications cause kidney stones like antibiotics, drugs used to treat HIV infections, decongestants, diuretics, and anticonvulsants.
Kidney Stone Treatments
The doctor may perform blood and urine test to determine whether you have kidney stones. The urine test will show that you are producing too many minerals in the urine. Imaging test are often used to show formation of the stones.
When you have small stones the doctor will often prescribe pain killers or medication that helps pass the kidney stone by relaxing the muscles. They encourage patients to drink plenty of water. Larger stones are often broken up using sound wave therapy that breaks the stone up so that it can be passed out. The procedure often requires sedation.
Surgery is another method using small instruments to remove a stones through a small incision in the back or using a scope with a light and breaking up the stones with small instruments. Anesthesia is used for surgical procedure.